lundi 21 février 2005, par Collecte CND R.L
Jean-Noel Jeanneney, who heads France’s national library and is a noted historian, says Google’s choice of works is likely to favor Anglo-Saxon ideas and the English language. He wants the European Union to balance this with its own program and its own Internet search engines.
"It is not a question of despising Anglo-Saxon views. ... It is just that in the simple act of making a choice, you impose a certain view of things," Jeanneney said in a telephone interview today.
"I favor a multipolar view of the world in the 21st century," he said. "I don’t want the French Revolution retold just by books chosen by the United States. The picture presented may not be less good or less bad, but it will not be ours."
Jeanneney says that he is not anti-American and that he wants better relations between Europe and the U.S. But like French President Jacques Chirac, he says he wants a multipolar world in which U.S. views are not the only ones heard.
His views are making waves among intellectuals in France, where many people are wary of the impact of American ways and ideas on the French language and culture.
But Jeanneney said he has heard nothing from politicians in Paris or Brussels, just days before U.S. President Bush visits the European Union’s headquarters and NATO.
"On the eve of George Bush’s arrival in Europe, the president of the National Library of France is sounding a war cry ... he is seeking a French and European crusade," Le Figaro newspaper said today.
California-based Google Inc. said in December it would scan millions of books and periodicals into its popular search engine over the next few years.
Its partners in the project include Harvard University, Stanford University, Oxford University, the University of Michigan and the New York Public Library.
Google said the project will promote knowledge by making it more easily and more widely accessible. It aims to make money by attracting people to its Web site and to its advertisements.
How the project might affect attendance at world libraries is not yet clear.
But Jeanneney expressed his concerns in an article published by Le Monde late last month.
"Here we find a risk of crushing domination by America in defining the idea that future generations have of the world," he wrote, urging the EU to act fast.
He pushed his campaign forward this week by announcing the national library would make editions of 22 French periodicals and newspapers dating back to the 19th century available on the Internet.