mardi 21 février 2006, par anass
For more than a decade, developments in information and communication technology (ICT) have attracted increasing attention. The need for statistics and analysis to support and inform policy making in this area has grown in parallel. In June 1997, OECD member countries convened the Ad Hoc Meeting on Indicators for the Information Society under the aegis of the newly created ICCP (Information, Computer and Communications Policy) Statistical Panel. The aim of the Panel was "to establish a set of definitions and methodologies to facilitate the compilation of internationally comparable data for measuring various aspects of the information society, the information economy and electronic commerce". From 1999, the panel became the Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society (WPIIS) and meetings have been held each year since then.
The WPIIS provides a forum for national experts to come together, share experiences and advance information society statistical issues. Its main methodological achievements to date are : an activity-based ICT sector definition, narrower and broader definitions of electronic commerce transactions, model surveys of ICT use by businesses and by households/individuals and an ICT goods classification. The Guide to Measuring the Information Society documents the statistical work of the WPIIS and related work being done in the OECD and elsewhere. It is hoped that the Guide will become a standard reference for statisticians and others working in this field. In particular, the Guide should assist newly participating countries to start or further develop information society measurement programmes. The WPIIS works closely with the Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) and its three other subsidiary bodies. The Working Party on Telecommunication and Information Services Policies (TISP), undertakes work in the area of telecommunication and Internet infrastructure and services. The Working Party on the Information Economy (WPIE) examines the economic and social implications of the development, diffusion and use of ICT, the Internet and electronic commerce. The Working Party on Information Security and Privacy (WPISP) promotes a global, co-ordinated approach to policy making in these areas to help build trust on line.
The Guide should be seen as a ‘living manual’ in the sense that although it incorporates the current state of knowledge, it is open to receiving new components, as well as being subject to revision. It has been published on the World Wide Web to make it readily available and, in keeping with its rapidly changing subject matter, to enable timely updates. It should be noted that the Guide deals primarily with so-called official statistics. Other data collections are generally outside the scope of the document.
Source :OCDE (Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques).Le 08 Novembre 2005